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Nothing in biology makes sense except in light of the whole organism


Last updated 22 December 2018


Kelemen, E. P., N. Cao, T. Cao, G. Davidowitz, and A. Dornhaus (2019)Metabolic rate predicts the lifespan of workers in the bumble bee Bombus impatiens. Apidologie(in press).

Wilson, J.K., L. Ruiz, G. Davidowitz (2019). Dietary protein and carbohydrates affect immune function and performance in a specialist herbivore insect Manduca sextaPhysiological and Biochemical Zoology 92:58-70. 




Schaller, J., G. Davidowitz, D. Papaj, R. L. Smith, Y. Carrier, W. Moore (2018) Molecular phylogeny, ecology and multispecies aggregation behaviour of bombardier beetles in Arizona PLoS ONE13(10):e0205192.


Wone, B.W.M., J. Pathak, G. Davidowitz (2018). Flight duration and flight muscle ultrastructure of unfed hawk mothsArthropod Structure & Development 47:457-464.


Blanckenhorn, W.U., S.S. Bauerfeind, D. Berger, G. Davidowitz, C.W. Fox, F. Guillaume, S. Nakamura, K. Nishimura, H. Sasaki, C. R. Stillwell, T. Tachi, M. A. Schäfer (2018). Life history traits, but not body size, vary systematically along latitudinal gradients on three continents in the widespread yellow dung flyEcography 41:2080-2091.


Wolfin, M.S., R.A.Raguso, G. Davidowitz, J. Goyret (2018). Context-dependency of in-flight responses by Manduca sextamoths to ambient differences in relative humidityJournal of Experimental Biology221, jeb177774. doi:10.1242/jeb.177774.


Nielsen, M. E., E. Levin, G. Davidowitz, and D. R. Papaj (2018). Color alters thermoregulatory behavior in Battus philenorcaterpillars by modifying the cue receivedAnimal Behavior 140:93-98.

Wilson, J.K., A. Tseng, K.A. Potter, G. Davidowitz, and J.G. Hildebrand. (2018). The effects of the alkaloid scopolamine on the performance and behavior of two caterpillar speciesArthropod-Plant Interactions12:21-29.




Smith, G. P., C. A. Johnson, G. Davidowitz, J. L. Bronstein (2017). Linkages between nectaring and oviposition preferences of Manduca sextaon two co-blooming Daturaspecies in the Sonoran DesertEcological Entomology43:85-92.


Hatle, J., A. Awan, J. Nicholas, R. Koch, G. Vokrri, M. McCue, C. Williams, G. Davidowitz, D. Hahn. (2017). Life-extending dietary restriction and ovariectomy each have distinct effects on nutrient oxidation and allocation in grasshoppers, especially for leucineExperimental Gerontology96:155-161.

Levin, E., M. D. McCue, G. Davidowitz. (2017). Sex differences in the utilization of essential and non-essential amino acids in Lepidoptera. Journal of Experimental Biology 220:2733-2742.


Levin, E., G. Lopez-Martinez, B. Fane, G. Davidowitz. (2017). Hawkmoths use nectar sugar to reduce oxidative damage from flightScience355:733-735.


Levin, E., M. D. McCue, G. Davidowitz. (2017). More than just sugar: allocation of nectar amino acids and fatty acids in a LepidopteranProceedings of the Royal Society B284: 2016-2126. 




Davidowitz, G., D.A. Roff,H.F. Nijhout. (2016). Synergism and antagonism of proximate mechanisms enable and constrain the response to simultaneous selection on body size and development time: an empirical test using experimental evolutionThe American Naturalist188:499-520.

Davidowitz G. (2016). Endocrine proxies can simplify endocrine complexity to enable evolutionary predictionIntegrative and Comparative Biology56:198-206.


Mitra, C., E. Reynoso, G. Davidowitz, D. Papaj. (2016). Effects of sodium-puddling on male mating success, courtship, and flight in a swallowtail butterflyAnimal Behavior114:203-210.


Hood-Nowotny, R., L. Mayr, J. Heindler, N. Saad, R.K. Seth, G. Davidowitz, G. Simmons. (2016). Towards incorporating insect isotope analysis using cavity ring-down spectroscopy into area-wide insect pest management programs. Florida Entomologist 99:177-184.


Levin, E., C. Mitra, G. Davidowitz. (2016).Fed males increase oviposition in female hawkmoths via non-nutritive direct benefitsAnimal Behavior112:111-118.




Davidowitz G. and B.R. Helm (2015). Commonalities in the regulation of growth and size: Can we see the forest for the trees? In: L. B. Martin, C. K. Ghalambor and H. A. Woods (Eds.), pp. 207-217.  Integrative Organismal Biology. Wiley and Sons. 


McCue, M., R.M. Guzman, C. A. Passement, G. Davidowitz. (2015). How and when do insects rely on endogenous protein and lipid resources during lethal bouts of starvation? A new application for 13C-breath testingPLoS ONE10(10): e0140053. 


Davidowitz, G.(2015). Grasshoppers. In: Mark A. Dimmitt, Patricia Wentworth Comus, and Linda M. Brewer (eds.) A Natural History of the Sonoran Desert (second edition) pp. 287-289. Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum.



Helm, B.R., and G. Davidowitz. (2015). Evidence of a hemolymph-born factor that induces onset of maturation in Manduca sextalarvaeJournal of Insect Physiology 78:78-86.


Stillwell, R.C., A. Daws, and G. Davidowitz. 2014. The ontogeny of sexual size dimorphism of a moth: when do males and females grow apart? PLoS ONE 9(9): e106548.



Thaler, J.S., H. Contreras, and G. Davidowitz. (2013). Effects of predation risk and plant resistance on Manduca sexta caterpillar feeding behavior and physiologyEcological Entomology 39:210-216.

Helm, B.R., and G. Davidowitz. (2013). Mass and volume growth of larval insect tracheal system within a single instar. Journal of Experimental Biology 216:4703-4711.

Fitzpatrick, G., G. Davidowitz and J.L. Bronstein. (2013). An herbivore’s thermal tolerance is higher than that of the ant defenders in a desert protection mutualism. Sociobiology 60:252-258.

Miranda, V.A., P. D. Navarro, G. Davidowitz, J. L. Bronstein, and S. P. Stock. (2013). The effect of insect host age and diet on the fitness of the entomopathogenic nematode - bacteria mutualism. Symbiosis 61:145-153

Contreras, H.L., J. Goyret, M. von Arx, C.T. Pierce, J.L. Bronstein, R.A. Raguso, and G. Davidowitz (2013). The effect of ambient humidity on the foraging behavior of the hawkmoth Manduca sexta. Journal of Comparative Physiology- A 199:1053-1063.

Snell-Rood, E.C., G. Davidowitz and D.R. Papaj (2013). Plasticity in learning causes immediate and trans-generational changes in allocation of resources. Integrative and Comparative Biology 53:329-339.

Harrison, J. F., A. Cease, J. M. VandenBrooks, T. Albert, N. Pierce, and G. Davidowitz. (2013). Caterpillars selected for large body size and short development time are more susceptible to oxygen-related stress. Ecology and Evolution 3:1305-1316.

Davidowitz G. (2013). Book Review: Ecological and Environmental Physiology of Insects. Jon F. Harrison, H. Arthur Woods, Stephen P. Roberts. Quarterly Review of Biology 88:50.



Von Arx M., J. Goyret, G. Davidowitz, and R.A. Raguso. (2012). Floral humidity as a reliable sensory cue for profitability assessment by nectar-foraging hawkmoths. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 109: 9471-9476.

Davidowitz G., H.F. Nijhout, and D.A. Roff. (2012). Predicting the response to simultaneous selection: genetic architecture and physiological constraints. Evolution 66:2916-2928.

Potter K., J.L. Bronstein, and G. Davidowitz. (2012). Choice of oviposition sites by Manduca sexta and its consequences for egg and larval performance. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 144:286-293.

Barron-Gafford, G.A., U. Rascher, J.L. Bronstein, G. Davidowitz, B. Chaszar, and T.E. Huxman. (2012). Herbivory of wild Manduca sexta causes fast down-regulation of photosynthetic efficiency in Datura wrightii: an early signaling cascade visualized by chlorophyll fluorescence. Photosynthesis Research 113:249-260.



Potter K., G. Davidowitz, and H. A. Woods. (2011). Cross-stage consequences of egg temperature in the insect Manduca sexta. Functional Ecology 25:548-556.

Snell-Rood, E., G. Davidowitz, and D.R. Papaj. (2011). Reproductive tradeoffs of learning in a butterfly. Behavioral Ecology 22:291-302.



Stillwell, R.C. and G. Davidowitz. (2010). Sex differences in phenotypic plasticity of a mechanism that controls body size: implications for sexual size dimorphism. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 277:3819-3826.  

Stillwell, R.C. and G. Davidowitz. (2010). A developmental perspective on the evolution of sexual size dimorphism of a moth. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 277:2069-2074.

Alarcón, R., J.A. Riffell, and G. Davidowitz, J.G. Hildebrand, and J.L. Bronstein. (2010). Sex-dependent variation in the floral preferences of the hawkmoth Manduca sexta. Animal Behavior 80:289-296.

Nijhout H.F., D.A. Roff and G. Davidowitz. (2010). Conflicting processes in the evolution of body size and development time. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 365:567-575.

Stillwell, R.C., W. Blanckenhorn, T. Teder, G. Davidowitz, and C.W. Fox. (2010). Sex differences in phenotypic plasticity of body size and variation in sexual size dimorphism – from physiology to ecology. Annual Review of Entomology 55:227-245.



Potter K., G. Davidowitz, and H.A. Woods. (2009). Insect eggs protected from high temperatures by limited homeothermy of plant leaves. Journal of Experimental Biology 212:3448-3454.

Bronstein J., T.E. Huxman, B. Horvath, M. Farabee, and G. Davidowitz. (2009). Reproductive biology of Datura wrightii: the benefits of a herbivorous pollinator.  Annals of Botany 103:1435-1443.

Nijhout, H.F., and G. Davidowitz. (2009). The developmental-physiological basis of phenotypic plasticity. In Whitman, D. W. and T. N. Ananthakrishnan (eds.). Phenotypic Plasticity in Insects: Mechanisms and Consequences  pp. 589-608. Science Publishers, Inc. Plymouth, UK.

Davidowitz, G. (2009). Book Review: Ecological Developmental Biology: Integrating Epigenetics, Medicine and Evolution.  Scott F. Gilbert and David Epel.  Integrative  and Comparative Biology 49:727-729.



Davidowitz, G. (2008). Population and environmental effects on the size-fecundity relationship in a common grasshopper across an aridity gradient. Journal of Orthoptera Research 17:265-272.

Riffell, J.A., R. Alarcón, L. Abrell, G. Davidowitz, J. L. Bronstein, and J. G. Hildebrand. (2008). Behavioral consequences of innate preferences and olfactory learning in hawkmoth-flower interactions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science USA 105:3404-3409.

Alarcón, R., G. Davidowitz, and J.L. Bronstein. (2008). Nectar usage in a southern Arizona hawkmoth community. Ecological Entomology 33:503-509.



Davidowitz G., and L. Kolska Horwitz. (2007). Inter-population variation in wild boar from Israel. In: Albarella,U. Dobney, K., Ervynck A., and Rowley-Conwy, P. (eds.) Pigs and Humans: 10,000 Years of Interaction. pp 228-240. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Bronstein, J.L., T.E. Huxman, and G. Davidowitz. (2007). Plant-mediated effects linking herbivory and polllination. In: Ohgushi T., T.G. Craig, and P.W. Price (eds) Ecological Communities: Plant Mediation in Indirect Interaction Webs, pp.75-103. Cambridge University Press.



Nijhout, H.F., G. Davidowitz, and D.A. Roff. (2006). A quantitative analysis of the mechanism that controls body size in Manduca sexta. Journal of Biology 5:16 1-15.

A commentary on Nijhout et al. 2006. Parker J., and Johnston L.A. (2006). The proximate determinants of insect size. Journal of Biology 5:15-19.


Davidowitz, G., D.A. Roff, and H.F. Nijhout. (2005). A physiological perspective on the response of body size and development time to simultaneous directional selection. Integrative and Comparative Biology 45:525-531.



Davidowitz, G. and H.F. Nijhout. (2004). The physiological basis of reaction norms: the interaction between growth rate, the duration of growth and body size. Integrative and Comparative Biology 44:443-449.

Davidowitz, G., L.J. D’Amico, and H.F. Nijhout. (2004). The effects of environmental variation on a mechanism that controls insect body size. Evolutionary Ecology Research 6:49-62.



Davidowitz, G., L.J. D’Amico, and H.F. Nijhout. (2003). Critical weight in the development of insect body size. Evolution & Development 5:188-197.

Nijhout, H.F., and G. Davidowitz. (2003). Developmental perspectives on phenotypic instability, canalization, and fluctuating asymmetry. In: Polak, M. (ed.) Developmental Instability (DI): Causes and Consequences pp. 3-13. Oxford University Press.



Davidowitz, G. (2002). Does precipitation variability increase from mesic to xeric biomes? Global Ecology and Biogeography 11:143-154.



D’Amico, L.J., G. Davidowitz, and H.F. Nijhout. (2001). The developmental and physiological basis of body size evolution in an insect. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B  268:1589-1593.

A commentary on D'Amico et al. 2001. Stern D. (2001). Body-size evolution: how to evolve a mammoth moth. Curr. Biol. 11:R917-R919.


Davidowitz, G. (1999). Grasshoppers. In: S.J. Phillips and P.W. Comus (eds.) A Natural History of the Sonoran Desert. Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum.



Davidowitz, G., and M.L. Rosenzweig. (1998). The latitudinal gradient of species diversity among North American grasshoppers (Acrididae) within a single habitat: A test of the spatial heterogeneity hypothesis. Journal of Biogeography 25:553-560.



Horwitz, L.K., and G. Davidowitz. (1992). Dental pathology of wild pigs (Sus scrofa) from Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 38:111-123.



Davidowitz, G. (1990). The Mousterian rodent community of the Quneitra Valley as suggested by the recent rodent community. In: Goren-Inbar, N. (ed.) Quneitra, A Mousterian Site on the Golan Heights pp.220-223. Qedem, Institute of Archaeology, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. 



Davidowitz, G., E. Tchernov and L.K. Horwitz. (1986). Faunal remains from the water-well in Tel-Mor preliminary report. in: Nir, Y. Water Level of Ancient Wells as an Indicator of Early Sea Levels and Neotectonic Changes in the Mediterranean Coastal Area of Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, report GSI/3/4/86.



Davidowitz, G. and E. Gdallison (eds). (1982). The Judean Desert and the Dead Sea, second edition pps. 220 (in Hebrew) SPNI publication.



Davidowitz, G., and Y. Leshem. (1981). Raptor migration survey in Eilat and Ein-Gedi, spring 1981. Torgos 3:9-16 (in Hebrew).